Bihar Ban: Unlimited Disaster | ORF (2023)

Ban in Bihar causes state to lose excise revenue while spending big money to implement alcohol ban

Since the Bihar government banned the sale of alcohol in the state in 2016, it has faced harsh criticism for its significant failure to implement the ban and the few negative consequences the move has had on the people of Bihar. Maintaining high moral standards in the state world of realpolitik seems like an exercise in methodless madness.

One of the axioms of management is that any policy of political, social, economic or other value must first be tested on a scale of feasibility. What is not feasible may not be operationalized despite the nobility of the cause. Bihar has not applied this simple test in the present case.

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Bihar introduced the total ban in the state in April 2016, taking inspiration from thisArticle 47The Constitution of India, which requires the state to endeavor to prohibit the consumption of intoxicating beverages and drugs harmful to health. He was also the Prime Minister of Nitish Kumar.election promisewomen in the country who have suffered from excessive drinking by their husbands and other male family members. Prohibitionlawsthey have been draconian in dealing with the problem of alcoholism. Some of the worst features of this law are imposing imprisonment on the entire family if any member of the family violates the prohibition on alcohol, and imposing a collective fine on the entire town if the prohibition is violated.

Even such strict laws have failed to discourage alcohol consumption in the state. The very location of Bihar has endangered the country. The state borders Nepal, West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh. None of these states practices prohibition and there is evidence that alcohol flows into Bihar from neighboring states, givenwest of bengaland the phenomenal growth of excise revenue in Jharkhand. Bihar, on the other hand, was losing income and status.hospitality and tradesectors suffered.

To solve the problem of alcoholism, draconian prohibition laws were established. Some of the worst features of this law are imposing imprisonment on the entire family if any member of the family violates the prohibition on alcohol, and imposing a collective fine on the entire town if the prohibition is violated.


As Bihar suffered many tragedies resulting in many deaths, the ban policy of the state came under more and more attack. The former prime minister of the state, Lalu Prasad Yadav, has been one of the most vocal critics. He indicated that he hadwarnedPrime Minister in office who will lose his income while the smugglers have a day off.The former Chief Justice of India added his strong condemnation. On December 26, 2021, he criticized Bihar's experiment with banning from a public platform. He described the state's prohibition law as stinking.without forecastin legislative work, resulting in the courts being flooded with alcohol cases. Their annoyance was mainly due to the overwhelming overload of the state judicial administration, with hundreds of thousands of bail and bail cases clogging up the Patna High Court and lower courts.

The frustration of the judiciary was expressed in a recent ruling (October 2022)Patna High Court. The judge ruled that the Bihar government had failed to enforce the ban. The state has witnessed many tragedies that have threatened public life. This had adverse consequences such as an increase in crime including alcohol smuggling by minors, villagers, politicians and police. The judge further noted that alcohol was freely available in the state, that minors carried alcohol, and that drug use increased after alcohol was banned. He found fewer cases registered againstpillars of alcohol postersthan to the poor caught drinking. Investigators deliberately avoided corroborating the allegations with evidence, giving the mob leeway.

Bihar, already prominent amongthe most fiscally sensitive countriesin the country, he decided to give up much of his income by introducing the ban. Although Prohibition had no positive consequences, politics played its part in further driving the state into misery. In 2015-16, the excise money from the state was estimated at INR 4000 crore. In the last seven years since the Ban, taking into account the usual increase in excise revenue, the state has lost around INR 40,000.

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The frustration of the judiciary was reflected in the recent ruling (October 2022) of the Patna High Court.

It is the duty of every state that first took the path of prohibition to investigate what happened to other countries and states that ventured down that path. For example, in the United States after Prohibition in 1920, authorities reported an increase inconsumptionadulterated alcohol. There was an increase in organized crime. The judicial and prison systems were under unbearable strain. Large numbers of people have been jailed and prison spending has skyrocketed. In 1929 assistantFiscal Generalstated that alcohol is available everywhere, almost any time of the day or night. Prohibition was the death knell for the brewing industry and resulted in significant job losses. Although the country lost $11 billion in tax revenue, it spent an additional $300 million on law enforcement. The 1931 report of the Law Enforcement and Compliance Commission noted widespread surveillance and politics.corruption.The ban was finally lifted in December 1933.

Windependent, Haryana gave up trying to implement a ban due to its inability to control illegal distilling and illicit trade. Tamil Nadu and Kerala dared to similarly ban alcohol but abandoned it because they failed to implement it. Similarly, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Manipur lifted the ban after a botched execution. Even Gujarat's ban may be a sham, given neighboring Daman's alcohol supply, aided by a porous border and administrative complicity.

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The latest experiment took place in Maharashtra. State ban in 2015 in the county.Chandrapur unand withdrew it in 2021. According to official statistics compiled by government departments, the compiler's report documented results that appear to replicate the events in Bihar. HereportHe declared the Chandrapur ban a major failure. Alcohol sales were seen to increase and large quantities of illegal and counterfeit alcohol began to circulate on the thriving black market. The state government lost revenue despite the increase in liquor trade in the district, as profits from alcohol went to the black market and into private hands. During the five years of the ban, this had a negative impact on the social, health and economic parameters of the district. Criminal cases related to the ban and arrests increased markedly. Of particular concern was the increasing involvement of women and children in the illicit alcohol trade.

A 1931 report by the Law Enforcement and Compliance Commission noted widespread political and police corruption. The ban was finally lifted in December 1933.

These examples show that the ban has little chance of success. People who were used to drinking were willing to take great risks. The lure of good, easy money has all the advantages to allow the development of a prosperous partnership where the underground liquor mafia and law enforcement come together to share the loot. It gives the administration enormous powers to harass and twist the hands of citizens. In addition, the state loses significant revenue and spends more on the application without achieving the expected results. Thus, apart from the moral satisfaction of legally purging society of what is perceived as social evil, the state has nothing to show for achievement. There is now widespread agreement that a community-based, women-led approach is likely to yield better results than a ban. The sooner Bihar understands this, the better for the country and its people.

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4,000,0001931 China floodsJuly 1931
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500,0001970 Bhola cycloneNovember 13, 1970
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A Natural disaster is an unforeseen occurrence of an event that causes harm to society. There are many Natural disasters that damage the environment and the people living in it. Some of them are earthquakes, cyclones, floods, Tsunami, landslides, volcanic eruption, and avalanches.

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disaster. Any event that causes a level of destruction, death, or injury that affects the abilities of the community to respond to the incident using available resources. victims.

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disaster • \dih-ZAS-ter\ • noun. : a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage, loss, or destruction; broadly : a sudden or great misfortune or failure.

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Types of disasters usually fall into two broad categories: natural and man-made. Natural disasters are generally associated with weather and geological events, including extremes of temperature, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and drought.

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What are the causes of natural disasters
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Floods are the most frequent type of natural disaster and occur when an overflow of water submerges land that is usually dry. Floods are often caused by heavy rainfall, rapid snowmelt or a storm surge from a tropical cyclone or tsunami in coastal areas.

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Why are they called disaster? ›

The term disaster owes its origin to the French word “Desastre” which is a combination of two words 'des' meaning bad and 'aster' meaning star. Thus the term refers to 'Bad or Evil star'.

Is a disaster a crisis? ›

Disaster - a sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life. Crisis - a time of intense difficulty or danger.

What is the types of disaster? ›

Water and Climate Disaster: Flood, hail storms, cloudburst, cyclones, heat waves, cold waves, droughts, hurricanes. Geological Disaster: Landslides, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tornadoes. Biological Disaster: Viral epidemics, pest attacks, cattle epidemic and locust plagues.

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To them war is a calamity and a social disaster, whether it is afflicted by one nation upon another or conceived of as afflicting humanity as a whole.

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A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.

Which is not a natural disaster? ›

The correct answer is Nuclear blast. Flood, Earthquake, and Tsunami cyclone, etc are counted as natural calamities. While nuclear explosions occur as a man-made disaster.


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